Inkhorn Terms and Other Early Modern English Borrowings


Inkhorn Terms and Other Early Modern English Borrowings
English 451 – Duncan

INKHORN TERMS AND OTHER EARLY MODERN ENGLISH
BORROWINGS


LATIN                    LATIN (Orig. Gk.)             GREEK
ability                  atmosphere                    acme
agile                    autograph                     anonymous
apropriate               chaos                         catastrophe
autograph                climax                        criterion
capsule                  crisis                        democracy
dedicate                 dogma                         encyclopedia
dignity                  emphasis                      ostracize
education                enthusiasm                    phenomena
exist                    epitome                       thermometer
extinguish               pathetic                      tonic
hereditary               scheme
harass                   system
maturity                 skeleton
meditate                 tactics
penetrate
reciprocal
scientific
strenuous


             REJECTED INKHORN TERMS
              deruncinate - `to weed' (cf. eradicate)
              adminiculation - `aid'
              cohibit - `to restrain' (cf. inhibit)
              expede - `to accomplish' (cf. impede)
              demit - `to send away' (cf. submit)
              exsiccate - `to dry' (cf. dehydrate)
              eximious - `excellent'
              illecebrous - `delicate', `alluring'
              suppeditate - `to supply', `furnish'
              temulent - `drunk' (cf. intoxicated)


SPANISH        ITALIAN             FRENCH         DUTCH
alligator      algebra             alloy          booze
apricot        balcony             bigot          cookie
banana         cameo               bizarre        cranberry
cocoa          design              comrade        deck
corral         granite             detail         dock
desperado      violin              entrance       dollar
hurricane      volcano             equip          freight
mosquito                           explore        gin
                                   mustache       landscape
                                   progress       rover
                                   shock
                                   ticket
                                   vogue


View more information: https://tigerweb.towson.edu/duncan/inkhorn.html

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